List of references
Please give full bibliographical details of references and list them in alphabetical order of author, following the style of the examples given below (including indentation):
Crystal, D. (2003). English as a global language (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Norton, B. (1997). ‘Language, identity and the ownership of English.’ TESOL Quarterly, 31/4: 409-29.
- chapter in edited collection when the collection appears only once in the list of references:
Hamberger, H. (2004). ‘Code-switching patterns and developing discourse competence in the L2 classroom’. In D. Boxer & A. D. Cohen (Eds), Studying speaking to inform second language learning. Clevedon: Multilingual
- the list of references contains two or more occurrences of an edited collection:
Rajagopalan, K. (2005). ‘Non-native speaker teachers of English and their anxieties: ingredients for an experiment in action research.’ In E. Llurda (Ed.), 283-303.
Benke, E. & Medgyes, P. (2005). ‘Differences in teaching behavior
between native and non-native speaker teachers: as seen by the learners.’ In E. Llurda (Ed.), 195-215.
Llurda, E. (Ed.) (2005). Non-native language teachers. perceptions, challenges and contributions to the profession. New York: Springer.
- two or more publications by an author in the same year:
Robinson, P. (2001a). ‘Task complexity, task difficulty, and task production: exploring interactions in a componential framework.’ Applied Linguistics, 221: 27-55.
Robinson, P. (2001b). ‘Task complexity, cognitive resources,
and syllabus design: a triadic framework for examining task influences on SLA.’ In P. Robinson (Ed.), Cognition and second language instruction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 287-318.
- unpublished conference papers:
Ramphal, S. (1996). ‘World language: opportunities, challenges, responsibilities.’ Paper presented at the World Members’ Conference of the English-Speaking Union, Harrogate, UK.
- unpublished PhD theses, M.Ed. dissertations, projects, etc.:
Littlejohn, A. (1992). ‘Why are ELT materials the way they are?’ Unpublished PhD thesis, Lancaster University.
- Papers in electronic journals (on the World Wide Web):
Wilkinson, L. R. (2008). ‘ESL academic writing and plagiarism.’ The Internet TESL Journal, 14/7 (July), at http://iteslj.org/Articles/Wilkinson-Plagiarism.html,
accessed 10 August 2009.
British National Corpus Web, at http://bncweb.lancs.ac.uk/, accessed 15 May 2009.